Citing an article on the Internet is currently one of the most common ways to acquire information. The Internet, as a massive computer network, has become a tool of essential use worldwide. Its scope and versatility guarantee that users can have access to this great source of information. Although it should be noted that, many times, quality filtering must be done.
When developing a research work, there are some rules that you should take into account. Since the incorrect use of the references or sources, it can cause inconveniences. To avoid this, in this tutorial you will learn how to cite or reference an Internet article. Whose methodology is based on a set of rules that will facilitate the understanding of your creations.
Applying APA standards
The standards established by the American Psychological Association (APA) are the best alternative to structure your research work. These rules constitute the correct styles to cite or reference any article on the Internet. The method to do it will depend on the type of content you want to cite. The most used are those mentioned below:
In an article on the web
Citing an article on the web applying the APA standards, provides credibility and guarantee to your final project or degree thesis. To know how to carry out any work based on these standards, you must follow the instructions below to the letter:
- Put the author’s last name followed by a comma (,) plus the initial letter of his first name. Otherwise, enter the name of the web page.
- Write the full publication date of the article in parentheses. Example: (2005, December 7).
- Transcribe the title of the selected article in italics . Bearing in mind that the first letter of the title must be capitalized.
- Then you must put the name of the web page.
- Enter “Recovered from” and, followed by a space, copy the full URL or web address of the article you have chosen.
Note : The appointment data must be divided by consecutive points, in addition to following the order listed above. Here are two examples of this:
- Romeu, J. (2016, January 18). 5 Keys to use well the points, commas, quotation marks and semicolons. Without faults. Retrieved from https://sinfaltas.com/2016/01/18/5-claves-para-usar-bien-los-puntos-comas-comillas-y-punto-y-coma/.
- Universia (2019, June 4). How to use commas correctly. Universia Es. Retrieved from https://www.universia.net/es/actualidad/orientacion-academica/como-usar-comas-corredamente-1126285.html
Online press article
If you want to cite articles from the online press or a specific newspaper on the web, you should take into account some additional information, since it is not an independent article, but an editorial style. To learn how to place the references in your works correctly, follow these indications:
- Put the author’s last name and then the initial letter of the first name.
- In parentheses, you must put the publication date of the article.
- Write the full title of the article.
- In italics you must put the name of the newspaper.
- Then put “Recovered from. “
- Finally copy the link, address or URL from where you have selected the article.
In the following example, you will see the exact way to cite or reference newspaper articles or online newspaper:
- Toro Hardy, A. (2021, January 25). United States: rationality and instinct. The Universal. Retrieved from https://www.eluniversal.com/el-universal/89266/estados-unidos-racionalidad-e-instinto
Online magazine article
In case you need to reference an online magazine article, you will also have the option of doing it very simply. To apply it under the APA standards, you just have to consider some important aspects:
- Write the first last name plus the initials of the editor’s name.
- Put the publication date of the article in parentheses.
- Then proceed to place the title of the article as it is displayed in the magazine.
- In cursive style, you must put the name of the magazine.
- Once this is done, type “Recovered from” followed by the address or URL where the article is located.
An example of this type of reference would be the one detailed below:
Perez. M. (2021, January 27). Sustainable shoes: the guide to brands to keep track of. Vogue. Recovered from https://www.vogue.es/moda/articulos/zapatos-sostenibles-marcas-zaleres
Applying MLA standards
The MLA ( Modern Language Association) standards are not as widely used as those mentioned above (APA). However, in areas such as art and philosophy, these are used more frequently. In view of this, the way to cite or reference articles on the Internet will be as follows:
In an article on a web page
First, it should be noted that these rules do not include the URL when citing a web page because it considers them as something unstable and dynamic. To cite an article from a website or web page, the following characteristics must be taken into account:
- Author or publisher. Title of the web page. Name of the person responsible for the publication (either organization or institution). Publication date. Publication medium. Date of access.
Note : If you do not have the name of the author or editor, you must include the abbreviation np And if, for some reason, you do not have the date, you must use the abbreviation nd
In an e-book
For these types of citations, the URL is included only when it is assumed that the reader will not be able to locate the file. When this happens, it must be included between the <> signs after the name of the website. With this in mind, the way to cite an e-book with the MLA standards is as follows:
- Author. Title in italics. Place (referenced with “:”). Editorial. Year. Title or name of the website in italics. Publication medium. Date on which the material was consulted.
In a newspaper or digital magazine
For these types of citations, there are no exceptions to the URL as is the case with the procedures mentioned above. To do this, you must take into account the following information in the order described:
- Author. Title in quotation marks (“”). Name of the newspaper in italics. City in which it is published in brackets (). Edition. Abbreviated day and month (with the exception of May) followed by the year. Page number (if available). Publication medium. Date of access.
Once you have applied the rules described above, in order to cite or reference an article from the Internet, your results will exceed the expectations of your mentors or teachers. From now on, you must take into account that the information sources found on the Internet must be correctly located with the standardized norms to reference them.