It is important to regularly correct errors and other things on our computer in order for it to function at its best. You must update the software, scan your computer, delete unwanted files, delete junk files, empty the recycle bin, etc. But there is something else you need to do periodically to make applications run faster and smoothly: you need to defragment your hard drive.
Every time a file is stored on the disk, if there is not enough space, the file is fragmented and the pieces are stored in the empty spaces of the disk. If you don’t defragment the disk, your PC will run slower. This is because it takes longer for you to access fragmented files far apart from each other.
With time of use, hard drives become fragmented. This fragmentation creates problematic situations. Small chunks of memory space scattered all over the disk are sometimes not used. We experience application time lags, system slowness, abrupt closing of applications, system sleep issues, etc. So to solve this problem you need to defragment your hard drive to improve system efficiency. But what is hard drive defragmenting? Next I will explain you in more detail.
What is Disk Defragmentation?
Disk defragmentation is quite important to make your system run faster and smoother. When storing a file on your disk, if there is not enough contiguous space, the file becomes fragmented and data is stored in the small spaces available on the drive. The disk defragmentation process consolidates these files that are fragmented. Also, free space is moved to one end of the drive, making other large files easier to store and access.
When you defragment your disk, all the fragments of the file are moved and joined together to make it a complete file. Disk defragmentation helps improve data access efficiency and overall PC performance.
Benefits and advantages of defragmenting the hard drive
- Faster system. The main benefit of defragmenting the hard drive is that you will achieve greater agility in the applications and the entire system. A defragmented disk will allow the software to have easier and faster access to the files; which translates into greater speed in general.
- Disc durability. By defragmenting your hard drive periodically, you will be able to extend its useful life. This is because by keeping the files organized, the hard drive has to work much less. When all the parts of a file are in the same place, the mechanical parts of the disk will have to move less and in less distance, having less physical wear and tear.
- Minimization of errors. By being defragmented, the disk will be able to better identify the bad sectors and avoid them, avoiding an eventual loss of information if you store the data in them.
- More effective security. We know how long it can take for the antivirus to perform a full system scan, which can be worse in the case of a fragmented disk. By defragmenting the disk, you contribute to faster antivirus scanning and less use of system resources. Consequently, the security of the system will benefit.
How to defragment your hard drive
Fortunately, Windows 10 has a built- in hard drive defragmenter, which by default defragments the drive periodically. In any case, you should check it if you see that the files take a long time to open and that the programs do not run smoothly. At that moment you must analyze and defragment your hard drive.
Disk defragmentation is a fairly easy process. You can do this without downloading and installing any third-party defragmenter software. Next I will introduce you to the steps to defragment a disk.
- STEP 1. Turn on the computer and type Defragment in the Windows 10 Start or Search menu.
- STEP 2. In the results, select the Defragment and Optimize Drives application.
- STEP 3. It will show you if your disks are fragmented or not, or if you need to optimize them. Click the drive and then click the Analyze button . The drive will be analyzed and will show you in what percentage it is fragmented.
- STEP 4. After that, you can select the drive you want to defragment and click the Optimize button . When the defragmentation process is complete, it will show 0% fragmented.
As you can see, disk defragmentation is easy to carry out. This is a super easy process that can be done in just a few minutes. It is advisable to check the percentage of fragmentation of the system units regularly, and if you consider it necessary, defragment the disk. This will keep your computer running better, helping to optimize the system.