What to consider when installing an SSL TLS certificate

There are certain aspects of a web page that you have to take care of and avoid problems that affect security. This can also be very important for the image of the page itself, as well as to improve the presence in search engines. In this article we are going to explain what an SSL certificate is, why it is important for a web page and how we can install it on our hosting.

What is an SSL certificate

An SSL certificate enables the transfer of data between a browser and a web server to occur in an encrypted and secure manner. It is a very important standard and one that is really present on web pages today. We can say that it has become something basic that provides reliability to that site so as not to generate mistrust among visitors. We already know that security is a very important factor in our day to day to avoid being victims of very different problems that may arise.

The main purpose of an SSL certificate is to protect the website from intruders who could access it. It serves to encrypt user connections and ensure that information cannot be intercepted by third parties. It is basically a layer of security that allows two parties to communicate privately. In this way, it avoids possible intermediaries that collect the information that is sent or received, something that would cause that connection to not be private.

The SSL certificate is installed on the web server and will fulfill the function of authenticating the identity of the site and guaranteeing visitors that they are on the legitimate page. Very important to avoid accessing a website that may be false, that may actually be a Phishing attack.

Each of the SSL certificates have a name, serial number, and expiration date. They also have a copy of the public key, as well as the digital signature of the authority that issues that certificate. All this serves to verify that we are really facing a secure, encrypted site and that it will not be a threat to visitors.

How to install an SSL certificate on the server

Installing an SSL certificate on the server is a very important process that those responsible for a website have to carry out. An essential way to offer visitors a secure, encrypted site that has the appropriate guarantees. In addition, it will also serve to give a good image and to appear better in the main Internet search engines.

This may vary depending on the hosting we have hired, but the process is similar. The first thing we have to do is have an SSL certificate. We can buy it with the company where we have the server, for example. Also with another external provider. There are even free certificates or that are included with the contracted hosting. Of course, we must make sure that we choose the best option and that we will not have problems in the future. This is something important and we must take care of all the details.

When we have the certificate downloaded to our computer, we can access the control panel of our hosting. In our case we are going to do it with cPanel, which is the most used, although the process is similar in other different ones.

Once inside cPanel you have to go to the Security section . There we will see the SSL / TLS section. There we will see different options, such as Private Keys, Certificate Signing Requests, Certificates, and Install and Manage SSL for the site. The latter is the one that interests us.

When we are inside, all the domains that we have linked to that hosting will appear. In case we only have one, that one will appear. On the other hand, if we have several, all of them will appear and we will have to choose the one that interests us.

When selecting the option to install SSL certificate and mark the domain that interests us, we will simply have to fill in all the information that they ask us. This includes the Certificate (CRT) and the Private Key (KEY). When we have everything filled we simply have to click on Install certificate, which is the button that appears below.

From that moment on, our site will have the certificate installed correctly. Browsers will recognize it and we will no longer have security problems related to this issue. This is important, since for some time many browsers have been informing visitors that the website is not secure if they enter one where there is no certificate installed.

Keep in mind that this certificate has an expiration date. It is something that we must keep in mind so as not to have problems in the future. We must be attentive to update it when the time comes and prevent it from becoming obsolete and our page stops offering protection of this type to visitors, something that could cause loss of trust in the website and also loss of prestige and positioning in the face of search engines.

Currently protecting our website is very important. There are many attacks that can appear when entering a website and this makes it vital to have add-ons that protect and help detect threats. But especially the fact of having a certificate of this type will give a greater credibility regarding the security on the part of the visitors. If we enter a website and suddenly the browser tells us that it is not safe, in many cases we would exit or at least suspect that there could be some kind of problem. This will allow you to gain confidence in the face of your visitors.

In short, following these steps that we have mentioned we can install an SSL certificate on our website. It is a very important process that we must take into account. It is simple and fast, as we have seen. You simply have to have a correctly purchased certificate and then install it on the hosting. In addition, as we have indicated, it is something very advisable and that any person in charge of a website should take into account.

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