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How to manage a dedicated server

We have different options for storing our website. Different types of servers that allow us to host all the necessary content so that it is available on the Internet for any visitor. In this article we are going to talk about dedicated servers. We are going to explain what exactly they are and also talk about the first steps we must take to use one, as well as some periodic tasks and improvements in terms of security.

What is a dedicated server

A dedicated server is one of those options that we mentioned to store a web page. It is a physical equipment purchased or rented and used to provide services in a dedicated way, without us having to share it with other users.

It is an alternative to other options such as shared hosting or VPS servers. It is more oriented for those who have a website with many visits and who want to have more control over all the content.

It has important advantages over other options. One of them is that the client, the user in short, will have all the resources they have without having to share them with others. You can also have a configuration more adapted to what you really need, as well as more control over applications, maintenance or updates.

First steps on a dedicated server

When we are going to use a dedicated server for the first time, it is essential to carry out a series of actions. This is something that we will have to do in any of the options that we have to save our web page.

Install the server

The first thing is going to be to install the server. Normally, in the client area of ​​the dedicated server that we have hired, different options related to the operating system that we can install will appear. It is the first step to be able to configure it later and add applications or services.

We have to select the operating system that interests us and we give it to install. In the installation process, they may allow us to add certain services or programs that we may include.

Connect to the server using SSH

Once we have it installed, the next thing we will have to do is connect to the server through SSH. Previously we will have received the data and root keys to be able to log in correctly through this protocol.

We can enter from Linux through the terminal, as well as access through a third-party application in Windows. From the terminal we will have to execute ssh root @ IP_Server. In “IP_Servidor” we will have to put the corresponding data.

Upgrade the system

A very important initial step is to update the system. This is something that we must carry out the first time we install it, since it is convenient to have the most recent versions. In this way we will achieve better performance, but also correct possible vulnerabilities that may exist and that are exploited by intruders.

We should do this periodically. So we will always have the latest patches and versions available, without compromising our dedicated server at any time.

Create a new user

It is also interesting to create a new user, beyond the root itself. Later we can give you certain administrator permissions. This is also interesting to avoid some problems, such as a bad configuration that we make with the root user by mistake.

Security measures and periodic tasks on a dedicated server

Beyond these first basic steps that we must do on a dedicated server, we also want to show some security measures and periodic tasks that we must perform so that everything works correctly.

Update all software

It is always important to have up-to- date software. This applies both to the system itself and to any application that we have installed. It is a periodic task that we must carry out. This way we will ensure that the server has the latest versions at all times, that everything works well and of course that the performance is optimal.

Therefore, one of the most important security measures that we can include in the periodic tasks is to update everything.

Change the default SSH port

We must also change the SSH port, which by default is 22. In the event that an intruder carries out a brute force attack with the aim of accessing the server, there is a greater probability of success if we are using that port that is configured by default. .

Our advice is to change to another port. We can choose any one above 1000, since another lower one could be being used for other tasks or services. An example could be port 7385.

Change passwords

Both the root password and that of the other users that we have created, it is convenient to change them from time to time. It is another task that can help us to always maintain the security of our dedicated server.

Each of the passwords that we create must be strong, contain letters (uppercase and lowercase), numbers and other special symbols. It must always be unique and totally random. Only then will we generate a really complex key.

In short, these are some steps that we can take into account when using a dedicated server for the first time, as well as some routine tasks to always maintain good operation and security.

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